For most gardeners who are maintaining the organic garden, they have great tolerance on the pest level or the disease level attacking their plants or crops. It is because they don’t want to use the synthetic yet toxic controls for their garden. Their tolerance can have resulted in much healthier environment. Here are 10 tips to slow down the disease and pest without using synthetic disease controls.
Choosing the Best Site and Soil
You need to choose the location as well as the soil before planting your crops. This step will be very helpful in reducing the plants’ stress and also their vulnerability to any pests or disease. You can also use the aged compost to provide some natural nutrients for your plants. You can add thin layer of this aged compost for about two times in a year to your garden.
Choosing Resistant Plant Varieties or Species
You may want to check the plant labels or seed packets for any disease, pest, or resistance. You can also check this information from the plant websites or catalogues. You can grow mixed families altogether in your garden to avoid the disease spread which attacks particular groups of plants.
Pinching or Pruning to Get Rid of Diseased Leaves
You can prune your plants if you see some damaged leaves or branches. This pruning is also very effective to ensure the air circulation in the garden.
You can trap any insects attacking your plants using some lures. For instance, you can use some yellow sticky boards if you want to manage the cabbageworms, whiteflies, cucumber beetles, or thrips. You can use the yeast that is put into the shallow pans and added with beer is very effective to trap slugs and snails.
Getting Rid of Plant Debris
You need to get rid of the plant debris as soon as possible since it can be the perfect place to hide by any pest insects.
Handpicking Any Insect Pests
If you find some insect pests, handpick them and drop into the soapy water. You can shake some small insects from the plants into some piece of paper and then dispose them.
Installing Pest Barrier
You can use some copper strips, sticky bands, or floating row cover to get rid of the insect pests from your garden.
Attracting Beneficial Insects
You can attract some beneficial insects into your garden such as trichogramma wasps, praying mantis, spined soldier beetles, lacewings, or lady beetles. You need to plant some flowers near your garden to attract these insects. They will also help you combating the insect pests.
Viruses, Fungi, or Bacteria
You can use one of those microorganisms to kill the insect pests. The most used is Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). It is some kind of bacteria which produces some toxic that are very poisonous for most insect pests.
You can also use the nontoxic sprays to control the insect pests. You can use the water spray from the garden hose to get rid of some dislodge insect pests. You can also use neem, sabadilla or pyrethrum for the spray.